Model Torpedoes 2018-2019



Spured on by the virtual completion of the 20th scale Schnellboot in 2018 I needed to re-invent the model torpedoes that I could never really make for the US Hull-2, these had two major issues, the body could not be reliably made and the motors needed to be modified to have hollow shafts to replace their solid stainless steel shafts. With the advent of 3D printing and the wide availability of small brushless motors and tiny speed controllers both of these issues could be overcome. After much experimentation and somewhat large costs the above represents the basis for a whole family of torpedo versions suitable for both the German and US and even the British models.

The new design uses 3D printed bodies, a receiver emulator operating a tiny brushless speed controller, driving a small brushless motor into a simplified gearbox then turning two counter-rotating propellers at exactly the same speed. The power to drive the torpedo comes from two 270mAH Lithium Polymer (Lipo) 3.7V cells.

The initial G7 torpedo bodies and parts were produced to my design by shapeways in the US, however I now have my own SLA/LCD 3D printer, as the cost of design iterations is a little too high with the shapeways approach and having to wait for 2 to 3 weeks for parts to arrive frustrated me, even though the quality and finish of the shapeways parts was excellent. The font and rear body parts on the torpedo above are all from shapeways. The centre body is made from carbon fibre tubing cut to length and painted.


This is the result of my first 3D prints, using my own printer, the top looks good and I was very impressed with the detail and finish but the underside is terrible, due to all the support sprues.


Here is a smattering of different designs, the top Mk13 and the G7 at 20th scale are from shapeways but the rest of the yellow bodies are from my own printer. The one below the G7 is a 35th scale Mk14 with a K&S Brass tube middle body. I am working on the inside for the 35th scale torpedo, using the same design but smaller, I already have silver propellers for the 35th scale and I have produced a better set for the 20th scale.


Mass production of 35th scale Mk13 tails from my printer, these are perfect and I can make 8 at a time!


This image shows the rear pinion gear attached to the outer rotating shaft which drives the forward propeller.


This image shows the forward pinion gear attached to the inner shaft (aft propeller) which is driven by the motor through a flexible coupling. The crown gears connect the two pinion gears and cause them to rotate in opposite directions and at the same speed.

I put the speed adjustment potentiometer where it is, so that I can dip the entire torpedo front, up to the motor, in a waterproofing compound to keep it all dry.


The modified Scalectrix crown gears sit on either side of the printed circuit board and are loosely held in place with the laser cut plywood crossbeams.


This is my later design using a single hollow crosshead assembly to hold the crown gears in place instead of the two laser cut crossbeams and screws. I need to make this out of something more durable though although it is tiny with an M2 thread on each side post so that an M2 nut holds the crown gear in place.


(c) copyright 2018 - 2019 John Drain